Production of Loden
Quality has always been our watchword. The 16 steps in our manufacture even include careful natural air drying of our cloths to give a soft and comfortable feel to them. Lodenwalker clothes are worn by satisfied customers in many distant parts of the world. They have found out that our attitude to quality suits them just as well as our clothes do. To find out more, please come and see us!
The first step is to select the right wool or blend of wools for the cloth or “Loden” as we call it.
The carding machine is full of cylinders with needles who comb the wool until we get a card web (fleece).
The untwisted yarn is spun into a strong yarn. Depending on the purpose the yarns are spun into different strengths.
At the weaving mill, the completed yarns are woven into different fabrics. Depending on purpose we use different interlacing effects. For example plain weave, twill weave or double. On a loom you will find between 2000 and 4000 warp threads. A ready woven fabric has a length of 50 meters and a width of 2,30 meters
The lighttable shows all errors. Small errors will be fixed immediately.
“Walken” is a process in which the cloth (Loden) is hammered in warm water (45 °). This causes it to compact to 40% of its original size. It is then gently washed in mild soap suds.
Fulled garements have several benefits: “Walked” cloth is very hard wearing. Traditional jackets have been known still to still be in wear after 20 years and more. Air held in the fabric lets it compensate for changes in temperature and humidity. A “walked” garment is pretty near windproof and is very water resistant. Depending on the typ our “Loden” will bear 2 to 6 hours of rain without soaking through.
After a short stay in the centrifuge, the products are dyed. You need to have a distinctive sure instinct and accuracy to find the right selection of color.
For best quality, we still dry our fabrics on fresh air. Careful natural air drying gives our cloths a soft and comfortable feel to them.
Our blankets are still napped with natural thistels. The thistels prevent the build up of static electricity. The blankets get their surface in a soft and gentle way. They are said to be best next to the skin.
At the warping frame, fabrics are shorn. The outstanding fibers are shorn to obtain a smooth surface.
After fulling the loden ist ironed wet and dryed on fresh air. Next, the loden gets into a press (“Blattln”). After this process the loden gets a nice brightness. The next step is the decatizing or fabric-finishing-machine.